Want to know when to capitalize or not? Check these simple capitalization rules from Grammarbook.com.
Grammarbook.com posted the following lists (Capitalization Reference List and Lowercase Reference List) to help readers know when to capitalize words and when not to.
Capitalization Reference List
- Brand names
- Days of the week and months of the year
- Governmental matters
Congress (but congressional), the U.S. Constitution (but constitutional), the Electoral College, Department of Agriculture. Note: Many authorities do not capitalize federal or state unless it is part of the official title: State Water Resources Control Board, but state water board; Federal Communications Commission, but federal regulations.
- Historical episodes and eras
the Inquisition, the American Revolutionary War, the Great Depression
Oxford College, the Juilliard School of Music
- Manmade structures
the Empire State Building, the Eiffel Tower, the Titanic
- Manmade territories
Berlin, Montana, Cook County
- Natural and manmade landmarks
Mount Everest, the Hoover Dam
- Nicknames and epithets
Andrew “Old Hickory” Jackson; Babe Ruth, the Sultan of Swat
American Center for Law and Justice, Norwegian Ministry of the Environment
Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, but policies vary on capitalizing earth, and it is usually not capitalized unless it is being discussed specifically as a planet: We learned that Earth travels through space at 66,700 miles per hour.
- Races, nationalities, and tribes
Eskimo, Navajo, East Indian, Caucasian, African American (Note: white and black in reference to race are lowercase)
- Religions and names of deities
Note: Capitalize the Bible (but biblical). Do not capitalize heaven, hell, the devil, satanic.
- Special occasions
the Olympic Games, the Cannes Film Festival
- Streets and roads
Lowercase Reference List
antelope, black bear, Bengal tiger, yellow-bellied sapsucker, German shepherd
Always lowercase, even when the name is derived from a proper noun: einsteinium, nobelium, californium
Lowercase except for brand names, proper nouns and adjectives, or custom-named recipes: Tabasco sauce, Russian dressing, pepper crusted bluefin tuna, Mandy’s Bluefin Surprise
- Heavenly bodies besides planets
Never capitalize the moon or the sun.
- Medical conditions
Epstein-Barr syndrome, tuberculosis, Parkinson’s disease
- Plants, vegetables, and fruits
poinsettia, Douglas fir, Jerusalem artichoke, organic celery, Golden Delicious apples
- Seasons and seasonal data
spring, summertime, the winter solstice, the autumnal equinox, daylight saving time
For more info on capitalization, please click here.